Paper Productions


Paper is one of the very important products from plants. This has been used in different industries from work environments to institutions and others. This has been used in birth certificates, contracts, short notes and other letters. A paper has been quite useful indeed and has taken different roles. This has become an integral part of our daily lives.

Moreover, paper is not only utilized for writing but this has also been used for cleaning, for personal hygiene and for utility services. Anywhere, we find pieces of paper such as tissue for wiping lipstick or stains, diaper for keeping babies fresh and dry and abrasive paper to smooth out surfaces.

How Paper is Made

It may be easy to take for granted this material because we see it everywhere. Moreover, we seldom think about how a paper is made and if we do question ourselves, we never take that effort to find out the answer. However, if you still have not managed to search for the answer on this then you should know that there are various types of paper made from different types of raw materials. But, they come from plants and trees. A paper may be made from acacia, soft wood, straws, cotton linters, hemp, manila, sisal hemp and other sources.

In the process of making a paper, the initial process is called chipping. This is the stage where wood logs are being divided or cut into smaller portions. The chips are cut in different sizes but only the chips with the size of 5-35 millimeters used in the process. Those chips which don’t meet the standard are rejected and not used. The chips that are too small in size are burned for fuel while the bigger ones are resized. Following the chipping process is pulping. This is the process of removing the impurities from wood and other materials through pressure cooking.

When the unwanted materials from the mix have been removed, bleaching is then implemented in order to produce white paper and to increase the brilliance. Infusing the pulp with fillers as well as additives is a common practice. Some additives used are calcium carbonate, talcum, starch and dyes in order to increase the brilliance of the paper or improve the properties found in the substance. Zinc sulphide, titanium dioxide, and barium sulphate are other fillers utilized in the process.

The next critical stage to remove about 95% of water from the pulp is to allow the product to pass a fin wire mesh. In order to do this, steam heat drier are utilized to remove the excess moisture. When the product has been dried and flattened into a sheet, this then undergoes various process or coatings that vary on the specifications purposed for. Others are glazed to have a glossy finish and others are treated in order to achieve a matte effect. Then the final stage in the process are sheeting, packing and eventually testing. Now that you know the process of how a paper is made, you will better appreciate its importance.